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Julio López Saco
Universidad Central de Venezuela
Venezuela, República Bolivariana de
Vol. 10 (2019), Estudios, Páginas 679-694
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14516/fdp.2019.010.001.026
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Resumen

La consideración mítica, como la científica, es una manera posible de interpretar la experiencia. Cada una de ellas posee sus contenidos categóricos, principios apriorísticos y estipulaciones. El estatus paradigmático de la ciencia depende de una estructura narrativa, propia del mito, a través de la cual las investigaciones empírico-analíticas buscan persuadir. La ciencia incluye lo «mítico» en su exposición pública, mostrándose parasitaria sobre el potencial interpretativo del mito, su durabilidad y persistencia. Lo «mítico» y lo «científico» se unen, así, en la «estética» del entendimiento humano. El mito participa como una suerte de ciencia de lo abstracto que llega a ser concreto, un lenguaje simbólico usado para designar significados dentro de lo cotidiano. El conocimiento científico ni es universal ni absoluto, sino limitado y provisional. A causa de que la inducción no puede traducirse en leyes generales, y de que el conocimiento científico es un producto de las estructuras interpretativas humanas, que son, ellas mismas, variables, relativas y creativamente empleadas (desde la imaginación mítico-simbólica), las verdades de la ciencia no pueden ser inequívocamente objetivas. En este trabajo se harán, en tal sentido, unas valoraciones referidas al mecanicismo de Newton, al Darwinismo y a la Física astronómica.

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