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Francisco José García-Peñalvo
Universidad de Salamanca
Vol. 23 (2022), Artículos, Páginas e28600
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La revisión sistemática de literatura es un método sistemático para identificar, evaluar e interpretar el trabajo de académicos y profesionales en un campo elegido. Su propósito es identificar lagunas en el conocimiento y necesidades de investigación en un campo concreto. Las revisiones sistemáticas conforman una familia amplia de métodos y aproximaciones y resultan totalmente necesarias por el volumen tan enorme de producción científica en formato digital al que se tiene potencialmente acceso. Sin embargo, no es suficiente con adjetivar una revisión como sistemática. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar las diferentes fases que se deben llevar a cabo cuando se realiza una revisión sistemática. Se comienza con la introducción de los marcos metodológicos de referencia para la realización de revisiones sistemáticas, para, a continuación, profundizar en las fases de planificación, realización e informe de la revisión sistemática. De modo que todo artículo que lleve este marbete (revisión sistemática de literatura) además de cumplir unos principios metodológicos y de transparencia, permita que cualquier investigador pueda no solo confiar en las conclusiones derivadas del trabajo, sino evolucionar la revisión sistemática realizada para atacar el problema derivado de la obsolescencia y el continuo avance del conocimiento científico, en consonancia con el modelo de datos FAIR, es decir, que se cumplen con los principios de encontrabilidad, accesibilidad, interoperabilidad y reutilización. Este artículo se ha escrito en español y en inglés.


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