Contenido principal del artículo

Pablo Javier Ortega Rodríguez
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
España
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1128-2360
Vol. 34 Núm. 2 (2022), Artículos, Páginas 189-208
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14201/teri.27864
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Resumen

La realidad extendida, un concepto que abarca la realidad virtual, la realidad aumentada y la realidad mixta, ha experimentado un notable progreso en los últimos años y ha tenido un gran impacto en la comprensión de la educación. La investigación sobre la realidad extendida ha aportado beneficios en la mejora de la enseñanza y el aprendizaje, a partir de dos conceptos clave: el grado de inmersión y la sensación de presencia. Sin embargo, estas aportaciones necesitan una revisión desde una metodología crítica fundamentada para evitar caer en la tecnofilia sin evidencias científicas. El objetivo de este artículo es conocer y evaluar las aportaciones de la realidad extendida a la educación y los retos que plantea ante el desarrollo del metaverso. Para ello, en primer lugar, se conceptualiza cada tipo de realidad y se evalúan sus aplicaciones en el ámbito de la educación desde un punto de vista crítico. En segundo lugar, se realiza una argumentación fundamentada sobre las ventajas e inconvenientes de estas tecnologías en la práctica educativa. En tercer lugar, se describen los desafíos que plantea el metaverso en la educación. Este análisis muestra como la realidad extendida ha contribuido al desarrollo de la innovación y la mejora del proceso de enseñanza y aprendizaje, aunque se evidencia la falta de formación del profesorado para diseñar experiencias de aprendizaje basadas en la realidad extendida y una carencia de colaboración interdisciplinar entre los ámbitos de la tecnología y la pedagogía. Estos resultados influyen en el desarrollo del metaverso, un paso más en la evolución de la realidad extendida, que tendrá un gran impacto en el ámbito de la educación, lo cual sugiere la necesidad de diseñar un código ético, desarrollar una cultura y proteger la identidad de los usuarios.

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