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Agustín Méndez
Universidad de Buenos Aires
Argentina
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5233-8973
Vol. 12 (2021), Estudios, Páginas 301-332
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14201/fdp202112301332
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Resumen

A partir de un análisis de los tratados sobre brujería publicados por teólogos y ministros protestantes, el presente artículo se propone estudiar las particularidades del discernimiento de espíritus en relación al problema de la posesión espiritual en la Inglaterra de finales del siglo xvi y comienzos del xvii. En este tipo de literatura teológica, los padecimientos de los posesos eran interpretados de tres maneras diferentes: como el resultado de una invasión demoníaca, como una enfermedad de origen natural o como un fingimiento. De esta manera, se propone como hipótesis que existía un explícito rechazo a la posibilidad de que los cuerpos poseídos fuesen anfitriones de la divinidad o de alguno de sus ángeles, algo comúnmente aceptado dentro del paradigma del discernimiento contemporáneo. Esta negativa sería el resultado del modo en que el discurso demonológico inglés entendía áreas más amplias de la teología como la Providencia y su relación con el colectivo humano, los milagros y los carismas, y la santidad, así como también del carácter inherentemente polémico de la tratadística contra la brujería del periodo.

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