Partidos políticos versus presidentes. Un análisis de la congruencia ideológica en América Latina

Patricia OTERO FELIPE, Araceli MATEOS, Cristina RIVAS

Resumen


Este estudio apunta a la congruencia política en las democracias presidenciales latinoamericanas. Analiza los niveles de congruencia ideológica entre los partidos y los candidatos presidenciales con sus votantes. Los datos utilizados provienen del Barómetro de las Américas en la Universidad de Vanderbilt y del Proyecto de las Élites Latinoamericanas en la Universidad de Salamanca para 11 países latinoamericanos entre 2004 y 2014. Los resultados concluyen que los vínculos ideológicos en América Latina son variados. Los votantes tienden a ser más congruentes con los partidos políticos por los que votan en el legislativo que con los candidatos que votan por el presidente, lo que refuerza la idea de doble legitimidad y doble representación en estos países. El radicalismo y el número de partidos y candidatos aparecen como las variables más significativas para explicar la congruencia ideológica.


Palabras clave


congruencia; América Latina; candidatos presidenciales; partidos políticos; votantes

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14201/rlop.22648

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