CONTEXTO DEMOCRÁTICO, TOLERANCIA ESCOLAR Y POLÍTICA EN AMÉRICA LATINA

Ednaldo Aparecido RIBEIRO, Julian BORBA, Mário FUKS

Resumen


Estudos têm apontado a escolaridade como importante condicionante da tolerância política, mas não têm conseguido avaliar o impacto de contextos políticos e econômicos distintos sobre essa relação. Considerando essa conexão entre contextos nacionais e atributos individuais, esse artigo investiga as relações entre o legado democrático de dezenas de nações latino-americanas e os efeitos da escolaridade sobre as atitudes tolerantes dos seus cidadãos. Testamos a hipótese de que, em contextos de maior durabilidade e qualidade democrática, tal efeito é potencializado em razão da inclusividade e do sistema de contestação pública. A inclusão de novos grupos políticos e a garantia de livre expressão dos seus projetos políticos tornaria mais complexa e custosa a tarefa de tolerar, aumentando assim a sua dependência da sofisticação política. Para os testes, estimamos modelos lineares multiníveis usando dados do Latin American Public Opinion Project, em sua edição de 2014.

Palabras clave


tolerância política; educação; contexto democrático; atitudes políticas

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14201/rlop.22341

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