Main Article Content

Henrique Carlos De Oliveira De Castro
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul
Brazil
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8976-838X
Biography
Daniel Capistrano
University College Dublin. Dublin, Ireland
Ireland
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8157-5564
Sonia Ranincheski
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul. Porto Alegre, Brazil
Brazil
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1248-8459
Elvis Bisong Tambe
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul. Porto Alegre, Brazil
Brazil
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9413-6416
Vol. 9 No. 2 (2020), Articles, pages 29-48
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14201/rlop.23132
Accepted: Oct 5, 2020
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Abstract

The literature concerning human values change, argues the main factor driving increasing levels of secularization and self-expression is the improvement of material conditions. In fact, studies succeeded to present evidence of the strong relationship between GDP and post-materialist attitudes at the national level. Still, in this study, we demonstrate this relationship is not as strong in Latin America. Based on the theory of mass-elite convergence of values, we argue that the main factor driving value change in Latin America is globalisation and not economic development. With globalisation, attitudes and values hitherto exclusive to the elites became socially desirable and praised (chic) resulting in their massive dissemination. Using data from the World Values Survey, we confirm that variables related to material conditions are the best predictor for secularization and self-expression among Western European countries. However, in Latin America, the effects of economic development are weaker, and the evidence indicates that variables related to social globalisation are more important to explain value change patterns.

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