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Cristina Nieto Carmona
Universidad de Sevilla
España
Anabel Moriña Díez
Universidad de Sevilla
España
Vol. 52 Núm. 4 (2021), Artículos y experiencias, Páginas 29-49
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14201/scero20215242949
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Resumen

El propósito de este estudio es analizar las barreras y ayudas que 32 personas con discapacidad intelectual (DI), escolarizadas en centros ordinarios, han identificado en su trayectoria escolar. Las autoras realizaron un estudio cualitativo basado en los supuestos de la investigación inclusiva con adultos españoles con DI. Se recogieron los datos mediante entrevistas individuales y fueron analizados a través de un sistema de categorías y códigos. En el análisis colaboraron activamente los participantes en la investigación. Los resultados muestran que las barreras y las ayudas que se encontraron las personas con DI estaban relacionadas con el perfil docente, el currículo, las relaciones sociales con los compañeros y otros agentes, como la familia y los equipos directivos de los centros educativos. Como principal conclusión sobresale que la práctica docente y la relación con los iguales son fundamentales y pueden llegar a actuar tanto como barrera cuanto como ayuda. Como recomendaciones se plantean la necesidad de que los docentes se comprometan con la enseñanza de contenidos funcionales, el uso de metodologías activas y centradas en el alumnado, así como con actuaciones para promover las relaciones sociales entre el alumnado.

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