Los eventos contextuales asociados a la ocurrencia de las conductas problemáticas en entornos escolares

Alba CORTINA SERRA, David SIMÓ PINATELLA, Cristina MUMBARDÓ ADAM, Marga GÜELL GUBIANAS, Edwin JONES

Resumen


Las conductas problemáticas que presentan las personas con discapacidad intelectual (DI) influyen negativamente en su calidad de vida. Los principios derivados del análisis conductual aplicado subrayan la relación existente entre dichas conductas y el entorno donde se desarrollan. Este estudio explora aquellas variables de antecedentes relacionadas con la ocurrencia de las conductas problemáticas que presentan los alumnos de primaria de una escuela de educación especial mediante un instrumento de evaluación funcional indirecta: el “Inventario de Evaluación del Contexto”. Un total de 17 alumnos participaron en el estudio en el que se evaluaron 25 conductas problemáticas. Los resultados identifican las variables “sociales/culturales” y las de la “naturaleza de la tarea o la actividad” como aquellas más asociadas a la ocurrencia de las conductas problemáticas. Finalmente, se discuten los resultados del artículo en relación a sus implicaciones prácticas y de cara a futuras investigaciones, subrayando la importancia de la prevención y la creación de entornos educativos universales.

Palabras clave


conductas problemáticas; eventos contextuales; evaluación funcional; discapacidad intelectual; Inventario de Evaluación del Contexto.

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14201/scero20164744556

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