Main Article Content

Carlos Juárez
University of Salamanca
Cristian Maizanche
University of Salamanca
Raul Matilla
University of Salamanca
Sergio Mellídez
University of Salamanca
Vol. 7 No. 4 (2018), Articles, pages 35-43
Accepted: May 8, 2019
Copyright How to Cite


Crowd evacuation has attracted great attention, the number of emergencies continues to increase. Thanks to the technology, it is possible to deduce the behavior of the crowd in emergencies, improving security. The multitude enters into a state of panic, so it is necessary to have action protocols for these situations. This work tries to establish a multi-agent model of emotional contagion that simulates the behavior of the crowd in an evacuation. The method is proposed for closed areas such as supermarkets, stadiums, soccer, stadiums, etc. The emotional contagion will accelerate the evacuation, but the congestion will occur if the panic emotion is spread too fast.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details


Qiu XG, Fan ZC, Chen B, Cao ZD, Wang FY (2011) Requirements and challenges of modeling and simulation in the unconventional emergency management. Syst Simul Technol 3(3):169-176.

Duan W, Cao ZD, Qiu XG, Wang FY, Zeng DJ (2012) Semantic modeling for artificial society in parallel emergency management system. Syst Eng Theory Pract 32(5):1010-1017.

Liao DS, Hou BN, Wang B, Guo Q, Guo J (2011) Crowd psychology simulation incorporating psychometrics and intervention of relationship spaces. J Natl Univ Def Technol 33(3):151-156.

Zheng XP, Zhong TK, Liu MT (2009) Study on numeral simulation approaches of crowd evacuation. J Syst Simul 21(12):3503-3508.

Chen X, Fei Q, Li W (2009) A preliminary research on urban mass panic based on computationa-methods for experiment. J Huazhong Univ Sci Technol (Soc Sci Ed) 23(2):34-37.

Li F, Shen HZ, Liu SL, Zhang C (2011) The analysis of group behavior dynamics in crisis based on psychological threshold model. J Syst Manag 20(5):513-519.

Sun DY (2007) Public emergency and behavioral decision-making. Social Sciences Academic Press (China), Beijing.

Kapadia M, Singh S, Reinman G, Faloutsos P (2011) A behavior-authoring framework for multiactor simulations. IEEE Comput Graph Appl 31(6):45-55. -

Beltaief O, Hadouaj SE, Ghedira K (2011) Multi-agent simulation model of pedestrians crowd based on psychological theories. In: Proceedings of the 4th international conference on logistics (LOGISTIQUA), IEEE, pp 150-156. -

Park JH, Rojas FA, Yang HS (2013) A collision avoidance behavior model for crowd simulation based on psychological findings. Comput Anim Virtual Worlds 24:173-183. -

Wagner N, Agrawal V (2014) An agent-based simulation system for concert venue crowd evacuation modeling in the presence of a fire disaster. Expert Syst Appl 41:2807-2815. -

Joo J, Kim N, Wysk RA, Rothrock L, Son YJ, Oh YG, Lee S (2013) Agent-based simulation of affordance-based human behaviors in emergency evacuation. Simul Model Pract Theory 32:99-115. -

Song YQ, Gong JH, Li Y, Cui TJ, Fang LQ, Cao WC (2013) Crowd evacuation simulation for bioterrorism in micro-spatial environments based on virtual geographic environments. Saf Sci 53:105-113. -

Mao WJ, Gratch J, Li XC (2012) Probabilistic plan inference for group behavior prediction. IEEE Intell Syst 27(4):27-36. -

Manzoor A, Treur J (2013) Modelling the role of emotion regula- tion and contagion in socially affected decision making. Proc Soc Behav Sci 97:73-82. -