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Gracia Delgado-Pardo
Universidad de Sevilla
España
Vol. 52 Núm. 4 (2021), Artículos y experiencias, Páginas 131-154
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14201/scero2021524131154
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La cada vez mayor inclusión social, la normalización de contextos y los avances de la investigación han contribuido sobremanera a la mejora de las expectativas de vida y a la participación integral en todos los espacios de la sociedad por parte de las personas con síndrome de Down (SD). Sin embargo, durante décadas la identificación de síntomas psicológicos o psiquiátricos ha resultado una tarea complicada al atribuirse estos como correlatos propios de la discapacidad intelectual. Con este interés, se han revisado las publicaciones científicas desde 1930 hasta 2020, con el propósito de: 1) examinar las investigaciones que, desde la perspectiva de las diferencias individuales, analicen la evolución y los cambios producidos en la concepción del SD y, desde este enfoque, 2) investigar la prevalencia y manifestación clínica de patología dual junto al SD, en población infantil y adolescente. Entre las conclusiones se destaca la necesidad de cambio, por parte de profesionales y familias, para la asunción de la existencia y aceptación del diagnóstico dual que posibilite diagnósticos precoces e intervención psicológica ajustada a esta demanda.

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