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Marta Bóveda Hermosilla
Universidad de Salamanca
España
Noelia Flores Robaina
Universidad de Salamanca
España
Vol. 52 Núm. 3 (2021), Artículos y experiencias, Páginas 59-79
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14201/scero20215235979
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Antecedentes: Históricamente las personas con discapacidad han sido apartadas de los temas relacionados con la muerte y el duelo. Sin embargo, existen factores que afectan e influyen en el afrontamiento que realizan ante una pérdida. Se precisa conocer cómo experimentan el duelo las personas con discapacidad intelectual y discapacidades del desarrollo con objeto de mejorar la atención ofrecida al colectivo. Método: Se ha llevado a cabo una revisión sistemática de los artículos científicos publicados durante los años 2013 a 2020 en las principales bases de datos. De 585 artículos identificados se seleccionaron 14 que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Resultados: La inclusión de las personas con discapacidad en los rituales funerarios, mejorar la comunicación y facilitar la expresión emocional se consideran aspectos esenciales para un adecuado afrontamiento del duelo. Conclusiones: Es necesario ofrecer apoyos adaptados al tipo de discapacidad, incrementar la participación y enseñar estrategias de afrontamiento adaptativas en los temas relativos a la muerte y el duelo. Para ello se precisa incrementar la investigación aplicada en aras de diseñar y poner en marcha programas de educación para la muerte y de intervención psicológica ajustados a las necesidades que presenta este colectivo.

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