Attitudes towards Returned Migrants in Latin America


Why do some individuals believe that returned migrants make relevant contributions and others believe that they create problems? What are the determinants of these positive and negative citizen attitudes towards return migration? Are there variations or similarities in these attitudes across countries? The aim of this article is to answer these questions. To do this, based on different theoretical hypotheses, we present and explain attitudes towards returnees based on the project "The Americas and the World (LAYEM)" which allows us to compare four Latin American cases: Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico and Peru. The analysis has two important findings: first, citizen opinions in these Latin American countries are mostly positive towards return migrants and, second, these attitudes are explained by individual experiences and contacts with returned migration, cosmopolitan attitudes and positive evaluation of the national economic situation.
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Author Biographies

Gerardo Maldonado Hernández

Profesor Investigador Titular, División de Estudios Internacionales. CIDE. Director General, "Las Américas y el Mundo: Opinión Pública y Política Exterior"

Mónica Jacobo

Catedrática CONACYT-Profesor Investigador, Programa Interdisciplinario sobre Política y Prácticas Educativas, CIDE.

Nuty Cárdenas

Profesora Investigadora Asociada, División de Estudios Internacionales, CIDE.