Taking FANET to Next Level

The Contrast Evaluation of Moth-and-Ant with Bee Ad-hoc Routing Protocols for Flying Ad-hoc Networks

  • Altaf Hussain
    Institute of Computer Science and IT, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar Pakistan
  • Habib Ullah Khan
    Department of Accounting and Information Systems, College of Business and Economics, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar
  • Shah Nazir
    Department of Computer Science, University of Swabi, Swabi Pakistan
  • Tariq Hussain
    School of Computer Science and Information Engineering, Zhejiang Gongshang University Hangzhou, China uom.tariq[at]gmail.com
  • Ijaz Ullah
    University of Rennes 1


Flying Ad-hoc Network (FANET) is a special member/class of Mobile Ad-hoc Network (MANET) in which the movable nodes are known as by the name of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) that are operated from a long remote distance in which there is no human personnel involved. It is an ad-hoc network in which the UAVs can more in 3D ways simultaneously in the air without any onboard pilot. In other words, this is a pilot free ad-hoc network also known as Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) and the component introduced for such a system is known as UAV. There are many single UAV applications but using multiple UAVs system cooperating can be helpful in many ways in the field of wireless communication. Deployments of these small UAVs are quick and flexible which overcome the limitation of traditional ad hoc networks. FANETs differ from other kinds of ad hoc networks and envisioned to play an important role where infrastructure operations are not available and assigned tasks are too dull, dirty, or dangerous for humans. Moreover, setting up to bolster the range and performance of small UAV in ad hoc network lead to emergent evolution with its high stability, quick deployment, and ease-of-use for the formation of the network. Routing and task allocation are the challenging research areas of the network with ad hoc nodes. The paper overview based on the study of biological inspired routing protocols (Moth-and-Ant and Bee Ad-Hoc) routing protocols.
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Hussain, A., Khan, H. U., Nazir, S., Hussain, T., & Ullah, I. (2022). Taking FANET to Next Level: The Contrast Evaluation of Moth-and-Ant with Bee Ad-hoc Routing Protocols for Flying Ad-hoc Networks. ADCAIJ: Advances in Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence Journal, 10(4), 321–337. https://doi.org/10.14201/ADCAIJ2021104321337


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Author Biography

Altaf Hussain

Institute of Computer Science and IT, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar Pakistan
MS Scholar (Computer Networks)