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Joan Sebastián Mejía Rendón
Universidad de Antioquia
Colombia
Andrés Crelier
Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata
Argentina
Vol. 8 Núm. 2 (2019), Artículos (Miscelánea), Páginas 27-52
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14201/art2019822752
Aceptado: ago 2, 2019
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Resumen

En este trabajo examínanos la noción de “artefacto cognitivo” y su posible aplicación a la técnica animal. Aunque poco se ha dicho acerca de la técnica de los animales no-humanos, los estudios de caso centrados en la capacidad de uso y fabricación de herramientas sugieren que algunos animales, además de desarrollar complejas destrezas físicas, también despliegan habilidades cognitivas.  ¿Podrían las herramientas utilizadas por los animales considerarse genuinos artefactos cognitivos? En este trabajo propondremos una definición de "artefacto cognitivo" con base a la noción de "función propia", lo cual nos permitirá desarrollar una escala gradual en donde ubicaremos diversos tipos de artefactos según la preponderancia de la función cognitiva en oposición a la función práctica. Aplicando esta escala al ámbito no humano, defenderemos la idea de que existe un ámbito técnico no-humano de fenómenos de uso y fabricación de herramientas y artefactos en el cual algunos de estos artefactos poseen una incipiente función propia de naturaleza cognitiva. Para ello, ilustraremos con ejemplos de las telas de araña, nidos y panales.

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