Contenido principal del artículo

Stephen Rippon
University of Exeter
Reino Unido
Biografía
Vol. 37 Núm. 1 (2019), Artículos, Páginas 7-27
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14201/shhme2019371727

Resumen

El final del dominio romano en Gran Bretaña tuvo un profundo efecto en la sociedad y tradicionalmente se ha visto como un momento de grandes cambios en la economía y en los modelos de producción agraria, incluyendo el abandono de vastas áreas del territorio y el declive de la población. Se pensaba que los paisajes típicamente medievales eran posteriores, cuando en una amplia franja del centro de Inglaterra se crearon extensos sistemas de «open field» en los siglos VIII al XII. La reciente evidencia arqueológica y paleoambiental –en buena medida procedente de la arqueología empresarial– ha transformado completamente nuestra comprensión sobre los cambios en el paisaje durante este periodo, y muchas regiones muestran un mayor grado de continuidad de lo que hasta ahora se había pensado. Los «open fields» parece que no se crearon tanto como consecuencia de una «gran replanificación» del paisaje, que habría barrido los terrazgos previos, sino que en algunos casos parecen haber evolucionado a partir de los límites de terrazgos preexistentes que habrían sobrevivido del periodo romano.

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