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Pablo Torrico-Román
Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Badajoz
Ramón González- Herranz
Servicio de Otorrinolaringología.Hospital Universitario de Fuenlabrada. Fuenlabrada. Madrid. España
Vol. 11 Núm. 2 (2020), Artículo de revisión, Páginas 195-215
Aceptado: ago 30, 2019
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Introducción y objetivo: La parálisis de los nervios laríngeos (superior e inferior) es una complicación típicamente asociada a la cirugía tiroidea pero no exclusiva de ella. En el presente artículo se realiza un repaso en su epidemiología, clínica, diagnóstico y una actualización de los diferentes tratamientos aplicados hasta la fecha. Síntesis: La parálisis de las cuerdas vocales, a pesar de ser una complicación posible en la cirugía tiroidea, es a menudo deficientemente tratada. Su diagnóstico, su tratamiento adecuado a las expectativas y la realidad del paciente y el tiempo en el que se aplica son fundamentales para obtener un éxito que permita hacer una vida normal a quienes la sufren. Conclusiones: Al contrario de lo que se ha venido haciendo hasta ahora, la precocidad del tratamiento está demostrado como determinante en el futuro de una parálisis de las cuerdas vocales. La rápida actuación, más allá de dejar pasar el tiempo como antaño, empleando las diferentes técnicas en el momento preciso, mejora los resultados obtenidos. 


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