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Guillermo Fernández-García
Hospital Universitario de Puerto Real. Servicio de Otorrinolaringología. Puerto Real. Cádiz
España
Carmen Salom-Coveñas
Hospital Universitario de Puerto Real. Servicio de Otorrinolaringología. Puerto Real. Cádiz
España
Online Publicación continua / Continuous Publication, Artículo de revisión, Páginas e28387
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14201/orl.28387
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Resumen




Introducción y objetivo: Los linfomas de la glándula parótida son una entidad infrecuente. El objetivo de este estudio es realizar una revisión sistemática retrospectiva de la literatura sobre casos clínicos de linfomas MALT parotídeos. Se revisa su epidemiología y clínica más habitual, los métodos diagnósticos y tratamiento empleados y su pronóstico. Método: Revisión bibliográfica sistemática. Resultados: Se seleccionaron 28 estudios originales de casos o series, de los cuales 10 incluyeron más de 25 pacientes. Todos mostraron mayor incidencia en mujeres, en consonancia con su asociación con la presencia de enfermedades autoinmunes, específicamente con el síndrome de Sjögren. Los estudios evidenciaron la dificultad en el diagnóstico diferencial de otras patologías parotídeas. El tratamiento varió entre estudios, sin mostrar ninguno de ellos un claro beneficio respecto de los demás. Discusión: Se trata de un tipo de LNH relacionado principalmente con inflamación autoinmune crónica en el caso de aparición en glándulas salivales. Se presenta como una tumoración asintomática e inespecífica de crecimiento lento. Se diagnostica por su histología y se estudia su extensión mediante TC o RM en la mayoría de los casos. El tratamiento se realiza mediante parotidectomía asociada a quimioterapia y/o radioterapia. La tasa de supervivencia es >80% a los 5 años. Conclusiones: Los linfomas MALT de glándulas salivales son poco habituales y ocasionalmente se diagnostican de manera inadecuada debido a su comportamiento benigno, que mimetiza a tumores más familiares del área parotídea. Su sospecha y distinción son esenciales y no debe olvidarse en el diagnóstico diferencial de masas parotídeas.


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