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Rafael Tejado Borja
Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia
España
Vol. 21 (2020), Artículos, Páginas 197-233
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14201/cuadieci202021197233
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A lo largo del siglo xviii las milicias se consolidaron como una fuerza que complementó a los ejércitos permanentes, tanto cumpliendo misiones de defensa del territorio como constituyendo una fuerza militar de reserva a la que recurrir siempre que la situación lo requiriese. En oposición a sus predecesoras de los siglos anteriores, estas estuvieron organizadas por una regulación común y controladas directamente por la Corona, lo que constituyó su principal garantía de supervivencia frente a sus detractores. En este artículo se expone la creación, organización y evolución de las milicias que se establecieron en la Monarquía de España durante el Siglo de las Luces, con especial atención a la provincial, y, además, se trata de rebatir las críticas vertidas contra estos cuerpos durante su existencia, así como en tiempos posteriores.

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