Contenido principal del artículo

Ignacio Ramos-Vidal
Universidad Bolivariana
Colombia
Belkis Castro
Universidad Nacional Abierta y a Distancia
Colombia
Jorge Palacio
Universidad del Norte
Colombia
Vol. 73 (2016): Análisis de redes, Artículos Monográficos, Páginas 121-139
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14201/alh201673121139
Aceptado: dic 16, 2016
Derechos de autor Cómo citar

Resumen

Utilizamos el análisis estructural para evaluar las redes personales de participación sociopolítica de 51 jóvenes colombianos vinculados a organizaciones estudiantiles en el ámbito universitario. Las redes son cohesivas, presentan altos niveles de densidad (.53) y transitividad (.78), constan de 4 conglomerados de media y están formadas por amigos (81%) y en menor medida por parientes (13%). La homofilia en función del sexo, edad y nivel educativo parece jugar un papel clave en la configuración de las redes.

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.

Detalles del artículo

Citas

Acock, Alan C. y Hurlbert, Jeanne S. Social networks, marital status, and well-being. Social Networks, 1993, vol. 15: 309-334. https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-8733(93)90010-I

Aral, Sinan y Walker, Dylan. Identifying influential and susceptible members of social networks. Science, 2012, vol. 337 (6092): 337-341. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1215842

Barrera, Manuel. A method for the assessment of social support networks in community survey research. Connections, 1980, vol. 3: 8-13.

Baur, Michael et al. Visone Software for visual social network analysis. En Graph Drawing. Berlin: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2001: 463-464.

Bonacich, Phillip. Some unique properties of eigenvector centrality. Social Networks, 2007, vol. 29 (4): 555-564. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socnet.2007.04.002

Bonacich, Phillip y Lloyd, Paulette. Calculating status with negative relations. Social Networks, 2004, vol. 26 (4): 331-338. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socnet.2004.08.007

Borgatti, Stephen P.; Everett, Martin G. y Freeman, Linton C. Ucinet 6 for windows: Software for social network analysis. Boston: Analytic Technologies, Inc, 2002.

Brechwald, Whitney y Prinstein, Mitchell. Beyond homophily: A decade of advances in understanding peer influence processes. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 2011, vol. 21 (1): 166-179. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-7795.2010.00721.x

Burt, Ronald S. Distinguishing Relational Contents. En Burt, Ronald S.; Minor, Michael J. y asociados (eds.). Applied Network Analysis: A Methodological Introduction. Beverly Hills: Sage, 1983: 35-74.

Burt, Ronald S. Network items and the general social survey. Social Networks, 1984, vol. 6 (4): 293-339. https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-8733(84)90007-8

Burt, Ronald S. General social survey network items. Connections, 1985, vol. 8 (1): 19-23.

Checkoway, Barry y Aldana, Adriana. Four forms of youth civic engagement for diverse democracy. Children and Youth Services Review, 2013, vol. 35 (11): 1894-1899. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2013.09.005

Chinman, Mathew; Wandersman, Abraham y Goodman, Robert M. A Benefit-and-Cost Approach to understanding Social Participation and Volunteerism in Multilevel Organizations. En Omoto, A. M. (ed.). Process of Community Change and Social Action. Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2005: 105-126.

Evans, Scot D. y Prilleltensky, Isaac. Youth and democracy: Participation for personal, relational, and collective well-being. Journal of Community Psychology, 2007, vol. 35 (6): 681-692. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcop.20172

Everett, Martin G. y Borgatti, Stephen P. Networks containing negative ties. Social Networks, 2014, vol. 38: 111-120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socnet.2014.03.005

Fischer, Claude S. To Dwell among Friends: Personal Networks in Town and City. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.

Fredrickson, George M. Racism: A short history. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1515/9781400873678

Freeman, Linton C. Centrality in social networks conceptual clarification. Social Networks, 1978, vol. 1 (3): 215-239. https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-8733(78)90021-7

Gamson, William A. A theory of coalition formation. American Sociological Review, 1961, vol. 26 (3): 373-382. https://doi.org/10.2307/2090664

Giordano, Peggy. Relationships in adolescence. Annual Review of Sociology, 2003, vol. 29: 257-281. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.soc.29.010202.100047

Glover, Fred. Tabu search-part ii. orsa Journal on Computing, 1990, vol. 2 (1): 4-32.

Granovetter, Mark S. The strength of weak ties. American Journal of Sociology, 1973, vol. 78 (6): 1360-1380. https://doi.org/10.1086/225469

Hirschman, Albert. Getting ahead collectively: Grassroots experiences in Latin America. Elsevier, 2013.

Judd, Charles M. et al. Attributions of intergroup bias and outgroup homogeneity to ingroup and outgroup others. European Journal of Social Psychology, 2005, vol. 35 (6): 677-704. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.281

Kadushin, Charles. Power, Influence and Social Circles: A New methodology for Studying Opinion Markers. American Sociological Review, 1968, vol. 33 (5): 685-699. https://doi.org/10.2307/2092880

Kadushin, Charles. Social density and mental health. En Marsden, Peter V. y Lin, Nan (eds.) Social Structure and Network Analysis. Beverly Hills: Sage, 1982: 147-158.

Kiss, Christine y Bichler, Martin. Identification of influencers-measuring influence in customer networks. Decision Support Systems, 2008, vol. 46 (1): 233-253. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dss.2008.06.007

Marsden, Peter. Core discussion networks of American. American Sociological Review, 1987, vol. 52: 122-131. https://doi.org/10.2307/2095397

Marsden, Peter V. y Friedkin, Noah E. Network studies of social influence. Sociological Methods & Research, 1993, vol. 22 (1): 127-151. https://doi.org/10.1177/0049124193022001006

McCarty, Christopher. Structure in personal networks. Journal of Social Structure, 2002, vol. 3 (1): 20. En línea: https://www.cmu.edu/joss/content/articles/volume3/McCarty.html.

McPherson, Miller; Smith-Lovin, Lynn y Brashears, Matthew E. Social isolation in America: Changes in core discussion networks over two decades. American Sociological Review, 2006, vol. 71 (3): 353-375. https://doi.org/10.1177/000312240607100301

Mollenhorst, Gerald; Völker, Beate y Flap, Henk. Social contexts and core discussion networks: Using a choice approach to study similarity in intimate relationships. Social Forces, 2008, vol. 86 (3): 937-965. https://doi.org/10.1353/sof.0.0010

Ostrander, Susan A. Democracy, civic participation, and the university: A comparative study of civic engagement on five campuses. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 2004, vol. 33 (1): 74-93. https://doi.org/10.1177/0899764003260588

Ramos-Vidal, Ignacio. Influencia de la estructura de las redes personales sobre el desarrollo de procesos comunitarios en desplazados colombianos. Psychologia: Avances de la Disciplina, 2014, vol. 8 (1): 43-54.

Ramos-Vidal, Ignacio. Aportaciones del Análisis de Redes Sociales para evaluar el capital social a nivel individual y colectivo. En Contreras, Carlos y Charry, Clara (coords.). Capital Social: enfoques alternativos. México: Anthropos, 2015: 57-81.

Ramos-Vidal, Ignacio. Popularidad y relaciones entre iguales en el aula: Un estudio prospectivo. Psicología Educativa, 2016 (en prensa).

Ramos-Vidal, Ignacio y Ricaurte, Paola. Niveles de análisis y estrategias metodológicas en la ciencia de las redes. Revista Virtualis, 2015, vol. 6 (11): 139-164.

Sampson, Robert J. y Groves, Byron. Community structure and crime: testing social-disorganization theory. American Journal of Sociology, 1989, vol. 94 (4): 774-802. https://doi.org/10.1086/229068

Sánchez, Liliana M. y Gutiérrez, Alberto L. Potencialidades de la participación en la construcción de ciudad desde intervenciones urbanas en asentamientos precarios. América Latina Hoy, 2014, vol. 68: 119-136. https://doi.org/10.14201/alh201468119136

Simmel, Georg. The Web of Group-Affiliations. New York: Free Press, 1955.

Valente, Thomas W. y Davis, Rebecca L. Accelerating the diffusion of innovations using opinion leaders. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 1999, vol. 566 (1): 55-67. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002716299566001005

Vieno, Alessio et al. Civic participation and the development of adolescent behavior problems. Journal of Community Psychology, 2007, vol. 35 (6): 761-777. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcop.20177

Wasserman, Stanley y Faust, Katherine. Social network analysis: Methods and applications. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511815478

Wellman, Barry et al. A decade of network change: Turnover, persistence and stability in personal communities. Social Networks, 1997, vol. 19 (1): 27-50. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-8733(96)00289-4

Wellman, Barry y Gulia, Milena. Net surfers don't ride alone. En Wellman, Barry (ed.). Networks in the global village. Boulder, co: Westview, 1999: 331-366.