Contenido principal del artículo

Ernesto Calvo
University of Maryland
Estados Unidos
Biografía
María Victoria Murillo
Columbia University
Estados Unidos
Biografía
Vol. 65 (2013): Vínculos entre electores y políticos, Artículos Monográficos, Páginas 15-44
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14201/alh2013651544
Aceptado: ene 24, 2014
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Resumen

Este artículo propone un nuevo método comparado para el estudio de los vínculos entre los partidos políticos y los electores. Visto desde los electores, la principal distinción entre los partidos clientelares y los programáticos se encuentra en el modo de acceso a los beneficios públicos. En el primer caso, partidos clientelares, las redes partidarias median en el acceso a los beneficios públicos. En el segundo caso, partidos programáticos, los beneficiarios son definidos por el gobierno mediante política pública y el acceso a los mismos es independiente de las redes de distribución partidarias. Por medio de una novedosa metodología para medir redes partidarias, este artículo muestra que diferentes mecanismos de acceso a los beneficios moldean las expectativas distributivas de los votantes y la naturaleza de su vínculo con los partidos políticos. El método utiliza encuestas originales de Argentina y Chile y muestra la variación en los vínculos entre los partidos políticos y los votantes, midiendo la variación al interior de los países así como entre países.

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