¿Racismo en la vacunación contra la COVID-19? La reticiencia a vacunarse en la población negra de Estados Unidos

Resumen

La vacuna contra la COVID-19 ha sido objeto de una manifiesta desconfianza ligada al proceso de desarrollo de la propia vacuna, así como a la incertidumbre generada por el virus y la enfermedad. A pesar de existir numerosos factores que influyen en la reticencia a vacunarse, resulta de interés explorar la influencia de la raza en las actitudes de desconfianza y rechazo hacia la vacuna. En este artículo, se toma como caso de estudio la población negra en Estados Unidos por la preponderancia de la raza en ese país. Tras reconocer e identificar una serie de causas generales ligadas a la desconfianza en la vacuna contra la COVID-19, se profundiza en las causas específicas que aquejan a la población negra, la cual presentaba una mayor reticencia a vacunarse y se mantuvo como sector demográfico en los niveles más bajos en lo referente a las tasas de vacunación durante los primeros pasos de la campaña.
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