The experimental method in the seventeenth century


We will address the experimental method in the seventeenth century, based on the scientific-experimental method of Galileo and Newton. We are interested in how Descartes and Leibniz especially collect the ideas of Galileo and Newton when building their methods of scientific experimentation in the s. xvii. Of all modern, René Descartes was the philosopher came to the right to turn the stolen knob from Aristotle, as was universally read and had many followers. Descartes created a metaphysical foundation, an epistemology and an integral system of nature that covering the explanation of all phenomena. He promised a foolproof method of discovery. His reputation grew through the work of skilled and patients exhibitors, especially Jacques Rohault (1620-1673), and when began to be noticeable the defects of his own explanations of natural phenomena, his system was revitalized by the writings of «newcartesians» extremely competents, among the cases of Huygens, Malebranche and Leibniz himself. De facto, despite the contrary powerful influence of Newton, Descartes throw light would extend to penetrate the more general glow of the Enlightenment of the eighteenth century and its main monument, the Encyclopedy of Diderot and d’Alembert. On the other hand, Descartes was a brilliant pure mathematician who also did work lasting value in the field of mathematical physics; if he was not been philosopher, also occupy a prominent place in the history of science. In all aspects except one, the experimental systematic research, Descartes excelled at the time of his death, and after this he would be, for all the people were able to understand his books, the great luminary, the man who had opened a wide path for the posterity.
  • Referencias
  • Cómo citar
  • Del mismo autor
  • Métricas
Bacon, Francis (2004): Novum organum, Libro I, Buenos Aires, Losada.

Beeckman, Isaac, Journal tenu par Isaac Beeckman de 1604 à 1634, ed. de C. de Waard (1939-1945), vol. I, La Haya.

Birch, T. (1772): Works, vol IV.

Boyle, Robert (1674): Of the excellence and grounds of the mechanical hipótesis.

Clarke, J. (ed.) (1723): Rohault’s system of natural philosophy illustrated with Dr. Samuel Clarke’s notes mostly out of Sir Isaac Newton’s philosophy, vols. I-II.

Cohen, I. B. (1980): The Newtonian revolution, Cambridge, Cambridge U.P. (trad. castellana (1983): La revolución newtoniana y la transformación de las ideas científicas, Madrid, Alianza).

Crombie, A. C. (1952): Augustine to Galileo, Londres, Heinemann (trad. castellana (1974): Historia de la ciencia. De San Agustín a Galileo, Madrid, Alianza).

Descartes, René (1640): Carta a Mersenne, 11 de marzo de 1640 (cf. AT. III).

Descartes, René (1987) : Discurso del método, Parte VI (ed. castellana de Eduardo Bello, Madrid, Tecnos, 88-89).

Digby, Kenelm (1644): Two treatises, in one of which, the nature of bodies; in the other, the nature of man’s soule, is looked into: in way of discovery, of the immortality of reasonable soules, París, Blaizot.

Drake, Stillman (1957): Discoveries and opinions of Galileo, Nueva York, Doubleday.

Drake, Stillman (1976): Galileo against the philosophers, Los Ángeles, Zeitlin and Ver Brugge.

Drake, Stillman (1979): Galileo’s notes on motion, Florencia, Instituto e Museo di Storia della Scienza, monografía n.º 3.

Farrington, Benjamin (1949): Francis Bacon, philosopher of industrial science, Nueva York, Schuman (ed. castellana (1971): Francis Bacon, filósofo de la revolución industrial, Madrid, Ayuso).

Galilei, Galileo (1623): Il saggiatore, Roma, Giacomo Mascardi.

Galilei, Galileo (1953): Dialogue, ed. de G. de Santillana, Chicago, Chicago u.p.

Galilei, Galileo (1974): Two new sciences, ed. de Stillman Drake, Madison, Wisconsin u.p.

Jones, R. F. (1936): Ancients and moderns, Saint Louis, Washington u.p.

Lenoble, R. (1943) : Mersenne, ou la naissance du mécanisme, París, Vrin.

Newton, Isaac (1713): Principia, Londres.

Newton, Isaac (1952): Opticks (reed. Dover).

Randall, J. H. (1940), «Scientific method in The School of Padua», en Wiener, P. & Noland, A. (eds.) (1957): Roots of scientific thought, Nueva York, Basic Books.

Rossi, Paolo (1968): Francis Bacon, from magic to science, Londres, Routledge.

Rupert Hall, Alfred (1980): Philosophers at war, Cambridge, Cambridge u.p.

Schmitt, Ch. (1969): «Experience and experiment: a comparison of Zabarella’s view with Galileo’s» in De motu, studies in the Renaissance, 16.
Rodero, S. (2016). The experimental method in the seventeenth century. ArtefaCToS. Revista De Estudios Sobre La Ciencia Y La tecnología, 6, 163–180. Retrieved from


Download data is not yet available.