El problema de la irreversibilidad: una relación interteórica de dos niveles



El objetivo del presente trabajo consiste en arrojar nueva luz sobre el problema de la irreversibilidad, señalando que en las discusiones sobre el tema no se ha tomado en cuenta suficientemente que la relación entre termodinámica y mecánica involucra relaciones teóricas en dos niveles: un nivel intra-teórico y un nivel inter-teórico. Intentaremos poner de manifiesto los dos pasos necesarios para establecer el vínculo entre irreversibilidad termodinámica y reversibilidad mecánica: el primer paso consiste en explicar la relación intra-teórica entre macro-irreversibilidad y micro-reversibilidad en el marco mecánico; el segundo paso es establecer la relación inter-teórica entre la irreversibilidad termodinámica expresada por el segundo principio y la macro-irreversibilidad obtenida en el primer paso. Finalmente, se discutirán las posibles interpretaciones de estos dos pasos desde diferentes posturas filosóficas.

Palabras clave

Emergencia; reducción; pluralismo; termodinámica; mecánica estadística; relaciones interteóricas.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14201/artefactos2018712950

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