Nistagmo inducido por vibración en Otorrinolaringología

Carmen SÁNCHEZ-BLANCO, Raquel YÁÑEZ-GONZÁLEZ, Ángel BATUECAS-CALETRÍO

Resumen


Introducción y objetivo: El nistagmo inducido por vibración o vibration-induced nystagmus (VIN) es una prueba útil, simple, no invasiva y sólida que indica la asimetría de la función vestibular. Aplicando una vibración de 100Hz sobre una de las mastoides se induce un nistagmo predominantemente horizontal que bate hacia el lado sano en pacientes con déficit vestibular unilateral. . En el presente trabajo se presentan las bases fisiológicas, las condiciones prácticas y la interpretación de los resultados de la prueba. Método: Revisión narrativa. Discusión y conclusiones: El VIN comienza con el inicio del estímulo y se detiene cuando éste cesa, bate en la misma dirección, independientemente de qué mastoides se estimule; muestra poca o ninguna habituación; y es permanente incluso en pacientes bien compensados.

Palabras clave


nistagmo inducido por vibración; asimetría vestibular; dehiscencia de canal semicircular superior; vértigo; neuritis vestibular

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14201/orl.17393

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