Ideología partidaria, competencia electoral y elección de legisladoras en cinco democracias latinoamericanas: Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Perú y Uruguay, 1980-2013

Santiago ALLES

Resumen


Las mujeres han hecho enormes progresos en su incorporación a la arena política. No obstante, el ritmo de esa incorporación ha sido desigual. El presente artículo analiza los efectos de la ideología partidaria y de las características de la competencia electoral sobre la elección de mujeres en cargos legislativos, en cinco democracias latinoamericanas a lo largo de tres décadas. Los resultados brindan evidencia del efecto de factores partidarios (ideología) e institucionales (tipos de lista), al tiempo que pone en duda el efecto de otros factores aseverados por la literatura, tales como la magnitud de distrito y la magnitud partidaria.

Palabras clave


elección de mujeres; ideología partidaria; magnitud partidaria; tipo de lista

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14201/alh2014666994





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