Contenido principal del artículo

Antonio Francisco Alaminos-Fernández
Universidad de Alicante
España
Biografía
Núm. 21 (2020): Adolescentes en serie. Jóvenes protagonistas en la ficción televisiva, Artículos del monográfico, Páginas 19
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14201/fjc20202187105
Aceptado: oct 15, 2020
Derechos de autor Cómo citar

Resumen

Las producciones audiovisuales, como las series televisivas, utilizan estereotipos juveniles que reflejan tanto la realidad como la construyen difundiendo modelos simplificados que son usados como herramientas de etiquetado social. Los personajes son caracterizados con un conjunto de rasgos personales, ambiente social, vestuario, estilo de vida, forma de expresarse, etc. En la caracterización de los personajes se ha estudiado en menor medida el uso de recursos musicales. La serie Stranger Things destacó especialmente por la utilización de música diegética y extradiegética tanto en la ambientación de época como en la caracterización de personajes. En la caracterización de personajes, ha sido pionera en el empleo de recursos transmedia que los humaniza e intensifica la conexión emocional con las audiencias. Netflix y Spotify diseñaron y publicaron playlists de sus personajes atribuyéndoles gustos musicales. Analizamos aquí las playlists de los adolescentes y jóvenes en Strange Things explorando, mediante análisis de correspondencias, qué estilos los caracterizaban y a qué tipo de adolescente y joven describen. El análisis triangula operativamente la caracterización audiovisual con la musical. Las tipologías de jóvenes se articulan en dos cleavages: la primera es la raza (define dos tipos) y la segunda el grado de ajuste social (define cuatro tipos de joven adolescente).

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.

Detalles del artículo

Citas

Alaminos, A., Francés, F., Penalva, C., y Santacreu, O. (2015). Análisis multivariante para las Ciencias Sociales I. PYDLOS. Cuenca (Ec).

Alaminos-Fernández, A. F. (2019). La realidad aumentada. Música y comunicación en la sociedad de consumo. Tesis doctoral. Universidad de Alicante. http://hdl.handle.net/10045/103127

Alaminos-Fernández, A. F. (2016). Estados de ánimo y las listas de reproducción en streaming en Spoti-fy. http://hdl.handle.net/10045/71633

Alaminos-Fernández, A. F. (2014). La música como lenguaje de las emociones. Un análisis empírico de su capacidad performativa. OBETS. Revista de Ciencias Sociales. 9(1): 15-42. doi:10.14198/OBETS2014.9.1.01

Gordon, W. A. (1979). The Nature of Prejudice. Addison-Wesley Publishing.

Binder, A. (1993). Constructing Racial Rhetoric: Media Depictions of Harm in Heavy Metal and Rap Music. American Sociological Review, 58(6), 753-767.

Blacking, J. (1995). Music, Culture, & Experience. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.

Brigham, J. C. (1971). Ethnic stereotypes. Psychological bulletin, 76(1), 15.

Bryson, B. (1996). "Anything But Heavy Metal": Symbolic Exclusion and Musical Dislikes. American Sociological Review, 61(5), 884-899.

Burkholder, Grout, Palisca (2010). A History of Western Music. NY: Norton

Chaney, D. (1993) Fictions of Collective Life: Public Drama in Late Modern Culture, Routledge, London.

Chaney, D. (1994) The Cultural Turn: Scene Setting Essays on Contemporary Cultural History, Routledge, Lon-don.

Chaney, D. (1996) Lifestyles, Routledge, London.

DeNora, T. (1999) ‘Music as a Technology of Self’, Poetics 27: 31-56.

DeNora, T. (2000). Music in Everyday Life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dolfsma, W. (1999) ‘The Consumption of Music and the Expression of Values: A Social Economic Explanation for the Advent of Pop Music’, American Journal of Economics and Sociology 58: 1019-1046.

Erikson, E. (1968). Identity: Youth and Crisis. New York: Norton.

Fox, W. S. and Wince, M. H. (1975) Musical Taste Cultures and Taste Publics, Youth and Society 7: 198-224.

Frith, S. (1981). Sound effects; youth, leisure, and the politics of rock'n'roll. New York: Pantheon.

Galán, E. (2006). Personajes, estereotipos y representaciones sociales. Una propuesta de estudio y análisis de la ficción televisiva. Revista ECO-PÓS, 9(1), 58-81.

Gigerenzer, G. (1993) ‘The Superego, the Ego, and the Id in Statistical Reasoning’, in G. Keren and C. Lewis (eds) A Handbook for Data Analysis in the Behavioral Sciences: Methodological Issues, pp. 311-339). New Jersey: Erlbaum.

Grenier, L. (1990). The Construction of Music as a Social Phenomenon: Implications for Deconstruc-tion. Canadian University Music Review / Revue de musique des universités canadiennes, 10 (2), 27–47.

Hargreaves, D. J., Miell, D., & MacDonald, R. A. R. (2002). What are musical identities, and why are they important? In R. A. R. MacDonald, D. J. Hargreaves & D. Miell (Eds.), Musical Identities (pp. 1-20). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hebdige, D. (1976) "The Meaning of Mod" in S. Hall and T. Jefferson (eds.) Resistance Through Rituals: Youth Subcultures in Post-War Britain, Hutchinson, London.

Hebdige, D. (1979). Subculture. The Meaning of Style. London: Methuen & Co. Ltd.

Jenkins, H. (2003). Transmedia Storytelling: Moving characters from books to films to video games can make them stronger. MIT Technology Review. Recuperado el 1 de septiembre de 2020, de: https://www.technologyreview.com/2003/01/15/234540/transmedia-storytelling/ Consulta: 10/06/2019

Jones, E. E., Wood, G. C., y Quattrone, G. A. (1981). Perceived variability of personal characteristics in in-groups and outgroups: The role of knowledge and evaluations. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 7 (3), 523-528.

Kamien, R. (2008) Music: An Appreciation, Boston: McGraw-Hill

Katz, D., y Braly, K. (1933). Racial stereotypes in one Hundred college students. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 28, 280-290.

Kenny, D. A. (1994) Interpersonal Perception: A Social Relations Analysis. New York: Guilford Press.

Knobloch, S., Vorderer, P., & Zillmann, D. (2000). The impact of music preferences on the perception of potential friends in adolescence. Zeitschrift Fur Sozialpsychologie, 31(1), 18-30.

LeBlanc, A., Sims, W. L., Siivola, C. and Obert, M. (1996) Music Style Preferences of Different Age Lis-teners, Journal of Research in Music Education 44: 49-59.

Lippmann, W. (1922). Public opinion. New York: Harcourt Brace.

Little, P. and Zuckerman, M. (1986) Sensation Seeking and Music Preferences. Personality and Individual Differences 7: 575-577.

Maffesoli, M. (1996) The Time of the Tribes: The Decline of Individualism in Mass Society Sage, London.

North, A. C. and Hargreaves, D. J. (1999) Music and Adolescent Identity, Music Education Research 1: 75-92.

North, A. C., Hargreaves, D. J. and O’Neill, S. A. (2000) The Importance of Music to Adolescents, British Journal of Educational Psychology 70: 255-272.

Park, B., y Hastie, R. (1987). Perception of variability in category development: Instance versus abstrac-tion-based stereotypes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53 (4), 621-635.

Park, B., y Rothbart, M. (1982). Perception of out-group homogeneity and levels of social categorization: Memory for the subordinate attributes of in-group and out-group members. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 42 (6), 1051-1068.

Quattrone, G. A., Jones, E. E. (1980). The perception of variability within in-groups and out-groups: Implications for the law of small numbers. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 38 (1), 141-152.

Raya-Bravo, I., Sánchez-Labella, I., y Durán, V. (2018). La construcción de los personajes protagonistas en las series de Netflix: el perfil del adolescente en 13 Reasons Why y en Atypical. Comunicación y Medios, 27 (37), 131-143. Doi:10.5354/0719-1529.2018.48631

Rentfrow P y Gosling S. (2007) The content and validity of music-genre stereotypes among college stu-dents. Psicology of music. 35 (2): 306-326.

Rentfrow, P. J. and Gosling, S. D. (2003) The Do-Re-Mi’s of Everyday Life: The Structure and Personali-ty Correlates of Music Preferences, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 84: 1236-1256.

Rentfrow, P. J., & Gosling, S. D. (2006). Message in a ballad - The role of music preferences in interper-sonal perception. Psychological Science, 17(3), 236-242.

Rose,T. (1994) Black Noise: Rap Music and Black Culture in Contemporary America. Hanover, MA: Wesleyan University Press.

Ross, S. M. y Stein, L. E. (eds.) (2008). Teen Television: essays on programming and fandom. Jefferson: McFar-land y Company Publishers.

Ryan, C. S., Judd, C. M., y Park, B. (1996). Effects of racial stereotypes on judgments of individuals: The moderating role of perceived group variability. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 32 (1), 71-103.

Shields, R. (1992) Spaces for the Subject of Consumption, in R. Shields (ed.) Lifestyle Shopping: The Subject of Consumption, Routledge, London.

Sloboda, J.A., O'Neill, S.A. (2001). Emotions in everyday listening to music. In Juslin, P., Sloboda, J. (Eds.), Music and emotion: Theory and research (pp. 415–429). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Tarrant, M. (2002). Adolescent peer groups and social identity. Social Development, 11(1), 110-123.

Tarrant, M., North, A. C., Edridge, M. D., Kirk, L. E., Smith, E. A. and Turner, R. E. (2001) Social Iden-tity in Adolescence, Journal of Adolescence 24: 597-609.

Tarrant, M., North, A. C. and Hargreaves, D. J. (2000) ‘English and American Adolescents’ Reasons for Listening to Music’, Psychology of Music 28: 166-173.

Tarrant, M., North, A. C., & Hargreaves, D. J. (2001). Social categorization, self-esteem, and the estimat-ed musical preferences of male adolescents. Journal of Social Psychology, 141(5), 565-581.

Tarrant, M., North, A. C., & Hargreaves, D. J. (2002). Youth identity and music. In R. A. R. MacDonald, D. J. Hargreaves & D. Miell (Eds.), Musical Identities (pp. 134-150). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Van der Merwe, P. (1989) Origins of the popular style: the antecedents of twentieth-century popular music. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Van Eijck, K. (2001) Social Differentiation in Musical Taste Patterns, Social Forces 79: 1163-1184.

Vanbeselaere, N. (1991). The impact of ingroup and out-group homogeneity / heterogeneity upon inter-group relations. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 12 (3), 291-301.

Voci, A. (2000). Perceived group variability and the salience of personnal and social identity. European Review of Social Psychology, 11, 177-221.

Wilder, D. A. (1986). Cognitive factors affecting the success of intergroup contact, in S. Worchel et W. Austin (Edit.), Psychology of intergroup relations, Chicago, Nelson-Hall, 49-66.

Zillmann, D. and Bhatia, A. (1989) Effects of Associating with Musical Genres on Heterosexual Attrac-tion. Communication Research 16: 263-288.