Revista Latinoamericana de Opinión Pública https://revistas.usal.es/index.php/1852-9003 <p>The Revista Latinoamericana de Opinión Pública (RLOP) is the official publication of the&nbsp;<a href="http://www.waporlatinoamerica.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">World Association for Public Opinion Research Latinoamérica</a> (WAPOR Latam). Since 2020 it is edited by the <a href="http://americo.usal.es/iberoame/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Instituto de Iberoamérica</a>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<a href="https://www.eusal.es/index.php/eusal" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Ediciones Universidad de Salamanca</a>. It was previously edited by the <a href="http://eduntref.com.ar/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Universidad Nacional de Tres de Febrero</a>.</p> <p>Two issues are published a year, in Open Access format. The journal admits and publishes articles and research notes in Spanish, English and Portuguese.</p> <p>RLOP has initiated a new stage in which it will focus on the publication and dissemination of:</p> <ul> <li class="li1 show"><span class="s2">public opinion studies that contribute to the theoretical development and empirical verification of current social and political aspects and issues;</span></li> <li class="li1 show"><span class="s2">studies that address these issues from a national, sub-national, transnational or more global research perspective;</span></li> <li class="li1 show"><span class="s2">studies that address the role of public opinion in political decisions, the development of public policies, electoral behavior and communication;</span></li> <li class="li1 show"><span class="s2">evaluations and improvements in the methodology of public opinion polls, and big data and in the analysis of these types of data</span></li> </ul> <p>The journal is aimed at public opinion scholars in Latin America, whether from the academic or professional world.</p> Universidad de Salamanca en-US Revista Latinoamericana de Opinión Pública 1852-9003 <p>Authors who publish in RLOP will accept the following conditions:</p><p>The authors retain the copyright and assign to the Journal the right of the first publication, with the work registered with the Creative Commons attribution license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which allows third parties to use the published material provided they mention the authorship of the work and the first publication in this Journal.</p> Índice https://revistas.usal.es/index.php/1852-9003/article/view/25187 Secretaría de redacción RLOP Copyright (c) 2020 Revista Latinoamericana de Opinión Pública 2020-11-30 2020-11-30 9 2 3 4 Threats and sympathy for authoritarian candidates: evidence from Peru https://revistas.usal.es/index.php/1852-9003/article/view/22734 <p>This article assesses whether the relationship between authoritarian predispositions and sympathy for authoritarian candidates is amplified in the presence of economic or security threats. The analysis is carried out on data from a national survey applied after the first round of the last presidential election of 2016 in Peru that included measures of sympathy for three candidates: Keiko Fujimori, perceived as authoritarian, and Pedro Pablo Kuczynski and Verónika Mendoza, considered non-authoritarian candidates. The instrument included a vignette experiment with news about the economy and crime, worded in such a way as to emphasize the threats about these issues. This survey also measured individuals’ authoritarianism through attitudes towards child rearing. Results indicate that in threatening situations, especially economic ones, the most authoritarian citizens more greatly value an authoritarian candidate like Keiko Fujimori. This effect is not detected for nonauthoritarian candidates competing in this election.</p> Arturo Maldonado Copyright (c) 2020 Revista Latinoamericana de Opinión Pública 2020-11-30 2020-11-30 9 2 7 28 10.14201/rlop.22734 Is Self-Expression Chic? Globalisation, Value Change and Convergence in Latin America https://revistas.usal.es/index.php/1852-9003/article/view/23132 <p>The literature concerning human values change, argues the main factor driving increasing levels of secularization and self-expression is the improvement of material conditions. In fact, studies succeeded to present evidence of the strong relationship between GDP and post-materialist attitudes at the national level. Still, in this study, we demonstrate this relationship is not as strong in Latin America. Based on the theory of mass-elite convergence of values, we argue that the main factor driving value change in Latin America is globalisation and not economic development. With globalisation, attitudes and values hitherto exclusive to the elites became socially desirable and praised (<em>chic</em>) resulting in their massive dissemination. Using data from the World Values Survey, we confirm that variables related to material conditions are the best predictor for secularization and self-expression among Western European countries. However, in Latin America, the effects of economic development are weaker, and the evidence indicates that variables related to social globalisation are more important to explain value change patterns.</p> Henrique Carlos De Oliveira De Castro Daniel Capistrano Sonia Ranincheski Elvis Bisong Tambe Copyright (c) 2020 Revista Latinoamericana de Opinión Pública 2020-11-30 2020-11-30 9 2 29 48 10.14201/rlop.23132 “I’m with her” or “we’re with her”? Personal versus group leader-based identities and types of political participation https://revistas.usal.es/index.php/1852-9003/article/view/23951 <p class="p1">In a region where personalistic politics and charismatic leaders have long been a characteristic of the political landscape, there has been little research exploring the relationship between individuals’ identification with leaders and its relationship with political participation. Using original survey data from Argentina in 2016, the findings from this study demonstrate a few key points. Firstly, that identities form around political leaders and that identification plays an important role in political participation. Secondly, while personal identification with a leader is related with atomized and collective participation, the relationship between collective identification that is shared with other supporters of the political leader and both types of participation is even stronger. Additionally, these identification measures are more strongly associated with political action in support of a leader than frequently used variables such as partisan identification and ideology. This suggests that the study of political participation, especially in those contexts with more personalized political systems such as are often found in Latin America, should not ignore the role of personal and especially group leader-based identity.</p> Emily B. Carty Copyright (c) 2020 Revista Latinoamericana de Opinión Pública 2020-11-30 2020-11-30 9 2 49 79 10.14201/rlop.23951 The Rise of Alternative Presidential Candidates in Chile, 2009-2017 https://revistas.usal.es/index.php/1852-9003/article/view/23628 <p>This article explores the growing popularity of alternative presidential candidates — those from outside the two dominant coalitions — in Chile from 2009 to 2017. Following a theoretical discussion that focuses on the causes of voter discontent with the political establishment, we formulate four hypotheses. We view support for alternative presidential candidates as a function of ideological detachment, declining political engagement, the economic vote, and socio-demographic shifts in the electorate. We use three pre-electoral Centro de Estudios Públicos surveys to present probit models and predicted probabilities. Our findings suggest that a distinct segment of Chilean voters is behind the rise of alternative presidential candidates. Younger and more educated voters who identify less with the traditional left-right ideological scale and political parties and suffer from economic anxiety—viewing the economy as performing well nationally while remaining pessimistic about their financial prospects—comprise this subgroup.</p> Patricio Daniel Navia Lucas Perelló Copyright (c) 2020 Revista Latinoamericana de Opinión Pública 2020-11-30 2020-11-30 9 2 81 109 10.14201/rlop.23628 Attitudes towards Returned Migrants in Latin America https://revistas.usal.es/index.php/1852-9003/article/view/22912 <p>Why do some individuals believe that returned migrants make relevant contributions and others believe that they create problems? What are the determinants of these positive and negative citizen attitudes towards return migration? Are there variations or similarities in these attitudes across countries? The aim of this article is to answer these questions. To do this, based on different theoretical hypotheses, we present and explain attitudes towards returnees based on the project "The Americas and the World (LAYEM)" which allows us to compare four Latin American cases: Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico and Peru. The analysis has two important findings: first, citizen opinions in these Latin American countries are mostly positive towards return migrants and, second, these attitudes are explained by individual experiences and contacts with returned migration, cosmopolitan attitudes and positive evaluation of the national economic situation.</p> Gerardo Maldonado Hernández Mónica Jacobo Nuty Cárdenas Copyright (c) 2020 Revista Latinoamericana de Opinión Pública 2020-11-30 2020-11-30 9 2 111 145 10.14201/rlop.22912 Region, Nation, and Locality: Collective Identities in Latin America https://revistas.usal.es/index.php/1852-9003/article/view/22934 <p>This research note aims to elucidate some of the characteristics of identities in contemporary Latin America, as revealed by the results of the survey The Americas and the World 2014-2015. Resorting to the available data on Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico and Peru, this research note presents the survey’s findings regarding supranational, national, and local identities and offers an initial approach to their interpretation. As a result of this exercise, the paper outlines important points of convergence of public attitudes in Latin American societies and points out national specificities that should be kept in mind and further studied, with a view to expanding our knowledge about collective identities and their possible relationship with the various integration and regionalization processes in Latin America.</p> Beatriz Zepeda Copyright (c) 2020 Revista Latinoamericana de Opinión Pública 2020-11-30 2020-11-30 9 2 149 165 10.14201/rlop.22934 María José Canel. La comunicación de la administración pública: Para gobernar con la sociedad. México: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2018. 542 páginas. ISBN: 978-607-16-5942-2). https://revistas.usal.es/index.php/1852-9003/article/view/25085 Alejandro Moreno Copyright (c) 2020 Revista Latinoamericana de Opinión Pública 2020-11-30 2020-11-30 9 2 169 171 Noam Lupu, Virginia Oliveros, and Luis Schiumerini (editors). Campaigns and Voters in Developing Democracies: Argentina in Comparative Perspective. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2019. 304 pages. ISBN 978-0-472-12501-2. https://revistas.usal.es/index.php/1852-9003/article/view/25086 Amy Erica Smith David J. Samuels Ryan E. Carlin Copyright (c) 2020 Revista Latinoamericana de Opinión Pública 2020-11-30 2020-11-30 9 2 173 181 Staff https://revistas.usal.es/index.php/1852-9003/article/view/25186 Secretaría de redacción RLOP Copyright (c) 2020 Revista Latinoamericana de Opinión Pública 2020-11-30 2020-11-30 9 2 3 4