Gamification: metodología para envolver y motivar alumnos en el proceso de aprendizaje

Inés ARAÚJO

Resumen


Gamification es un concepto reciente y se proyecta como una tendencia tecnológica para aplicar en las escuelas para el año 2017 (Johnson, Adams Becker carretera y Freeman, 2014a, 2014b, 2014c). Actualmente la mayoría de los ejemplos de aplicación de gamificación, incluyendo el contexto educativo, consiste en utilizar los botones / insignias, tablas de clasificación y puntuaciones. Varios autores (Burke, 2014; Deterding, 2014; Kapp, 2012; Zichermann, 2013) enfatizan que la gamificación no puede limitarse a la mera aplicación de estos mecanismos en el juego si quieren contextos gamificados. Es necesario conocer los intereses de la audiencia, sus necesidades, lo que puede motivar y planear una actividad gamificada que cumpla con estas expectativas. Por todas estas razones, se tienen que desarrollar estudios para comprender cómo este proceso podría implementarse con mayor eficacia en contextos educativos, lo que permite el desarrollo de herramientas adecuadas y las directrices que crean que pueden guiar a aquellos que quieren incluir gamificación en su práctica docente. Este artículo presenta una revisión de la literatura sobre el concepto de gamificación, describiendo algunos ejemplos relevantes que hacen que sea más fácil de entender cómo se puede implementar, proponer preguntas para reflexionar sobre la hora de aplicar esta nueva metodología a los contextos educativos.

Palabras clave


Gamification; Juegos; Engagement; Motivación; Métodos de enseñanza

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14201/eks201617187107





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