Resonancia magnética de tiroides y paratiroides

Miguel GONZALO-DOMÍNGUEZ, María Cristina HERNÁNDEZ-RODRÍGUEZ, Manuel Angel MARTÍN-PÉREZ, José Martín MARÍN-BALBÍN, Rodrigo BLANCO-HERNÁNDEZ, Ignacio MARTÍN-GARCÍA

Resumen


Introducción: El estudio del tiroides y de la paratiroides se realiza habitualmente con ultrasonidos, existiendo sistemas de clasificación internacionalmente aceptados en caso de la patología neoplásica como el sistema TIRADS, y patrones bien definidos de la imagen ecográfica en caso de patología inflamatoria. No obstante, existen ciertas circunstancias en las que está indicado realizar su exploración con tomografía computada o bien con resonancia magnética. Material y Métodos: Realizamos una revisión de las principales indicaciones para la valoración de estas glándulas con resonancia magnética a partir de nuestra experiencia, con los resultados obtenidos en 64 pacientes. Resultados: Establecemos cuáles son los protocolos específicos y las secuencias más adecuadas para su correcta caracterización y planteamos además, la semiología de los resultados obtenidos mediante esta técnica, haciendo correlación con los procesos patológicos que afectan a estas estructuras cervicales.

Palabras clave


tiroides; paratiroides; resonancia magnética; protocolos; semiología; secuencias de resonancia magnética.

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14201/orl201784.14846

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