Resonancia magnética en hipoacusia y vértigo

Manuel Ángel MARTÍN-PÉREZ, José Martín MARÍN-BALBÍN, Rodrigo BLANCO-HERNÁNDEZ, Ignacio MARTÍN-GARCÍA, Roberto TABERNERO-RICO, Miguel GONZALO-DOMÍNGUEZ

Resumen


Introducción y objetivo: La hipoacusia y el síndrome vertiginoso representan una parte importante de la clínica otorrinolaringológica, siendo fundamental el papel que el radiólogo desempeña en su estudio diagnóstico. Los estudios mediante resonancia magnética (RM) son imprescindibles para orientar o dar el diagnostico de certeza en estos casos. Material y método: Tras realizar un análisis retrospectivo de 456 estudios de RM de pacientes que presentaban estos síntomas, realizamos una revisión por las principales patologías registradas que pueden ocasionar esta sintomatología. Resultados: Se clasifican en alteraciones vasculares y otras variantes, patología tumoral y patología malformativa e inflamatoria; además describimos los hallazgos más relevantes en RM y lo ilustramos con ejemplos recogidos en nuestro centro.

Palabras clave


diagnóstico por imagen; vértigo; schwanoma; resonancia magnética; hipoacusia; neoplasias de fosa posterior diagnóstico

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14201/orl201781.14832

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