Clase invertida y aprendizaje basado en proyectos en el aula de biología: un proyecto de innovación para 1.º de ESO. Valoración de la experiencia

Noelia SÁNCHEZ SÁNCHEZ

Resumen


El presente artículo tiene como objetivo valorar el desarrollo de una propuesta didáctica para la asignatura de Biología y Geología de 1.º de eso. Esta propuesta se fundamenta en las metodologías de clase invertida o flipped classroom (fc) y aprendizaje basado en proyectos (abp) y se centra en el desarrollo del proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje de las características anatómicas y fisiológicas de los diferentes seres vivos englobados dentro de los llamados Cinco Reinos.

fc es un modelo pedagógico que transfiere el trabajo de determinados procesos de aprendizaje fuera del aula y utiliza el tiempo de clase, junto con la experiencia del docente, para facilitar y potenciar otros procesos de adquisición y práctica de conocimientos dentro del aula. Así mismo, en el abp son los alumnos los que deciden el ritmo y van avanzando en la adquisición de nuevos conocimientos, promocionando las habilidades de pensamiento necesarias para el aprendizaje significativo de contenidos. Por lo que ambas metodologías se presentan como una buena opción para contrarrestar los problemas que conlleva la enseñanza tradicional de las Ciencias.


Palabras clave


clase invertida; aprendizaje basado en proyectos; biología; Cinco Reinos; secundaria; innovación educativa

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14201/et21836181110





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