Evaluación de actitudes de los profesionales hacia las personas con discapacidad

Víctor ARIAS GONZÁLEZ, Benito ARIAS MARTÍNEZ, Miguel Ángel VERDUGO ALONSO, Mariano RUBIA AVI, Cristina JENARO RÍO

Resumen


El propósito principal de este estudio ha sido la construcción y validación de una escala de actitudes hacia las personas con discapacidad, dirigida preferentemente a profesionales de las áreas de la salud y la educación. Han participado 976 profesionales de diferentes ámbitos (sanidad, educación, orientación laboral, medios de comunicación, administración), con un rango de edad entre 18 y 65 años. El 49.1% fueron mujeres. Se han realizado análisis de concordancia entre jueces expertos para valorar el contenido de los ítems, y se han sometido los datos a tres clases de análisis: comparación de estructuras de correlación, análisis factorial exploratorio con método de factor común y análisis factorial confirmatorio. Se han comparado dos modelos: unifactorial y de tres factores correlacionados. Los resultados han evidenciado buenas cualidades métricas de fiabilidad (consistencia interna, fiabilidad de los indicadores individuales, fiabilidad de constructo y error típico de medida) y de validez (de contenido, convergente y discriminante).

Palabras clave


actitudes; evaluación; personas con discapacidad; profesionales

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14201/scero2016472741

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